The Kyongbok Palace or the Gyeongbokgung Palace is one of the Five Grand Palaces that were built during the Joseon Dynasty. In English, its name translates to “Palace Greatly Blessed by Heaven.” This structure has been famous worldwide because of its sheer size and unique architecture.
Unfortunately, it is one of the historical sites that acquired much damage during the Japanese occupation. Up to this date, efforts are being done to somehow restore the palace’s old grandeur. Despite the ongoing reconstruction, this place remained to be one of the most visited places in South Korea.
Here is a list of some information about the Kyongbok Palace that you need to know.
• The main structure was constructed in 1934 by King Taejo – the founder of the famous Joseon Dynasty. Unfortunately, during the late 1500’s, a huge part of the palace was burnt down by the invading Japanese.
• After the Japanese invasion, Daewongun spearheaded the repair, reconstruction and expansion in 1867. At its completion, 330 buildings and 5,792 rooms made up the palace.
• Before the assassination of Empress Myeongseong, this palace was the home of the royalties of Korea. The trauma left by the assassination pushed the royal family to move into one of the other imperial palaces.
• The palace and the buildings are open to the public today. Visitors frequently visit it because it houses the National Folk Museum of Korea and the National Museum of Korea until the displays were moved to Yongsan–gu last 2005.
• Apart from the museum, here are the other parts of the palace that you may want to visit.
Gangnyeongjeon Hall – The king’s main living and sleeping quarters, which used to have bedchambers that were laid out following a checkerboard pattern. While the king stayed in the middle chamber, he housed his attendants and bodyguards on each side for his convenience and added protection.
Geunjeongjeon Hall – This is the throne room where the king grants audience to his officials and advisers.
Gyeonghoeru Pavilion – This pavilion has been the venue for important state dinners and other significant gatherings. This structure is constructed in the middle of a rectangular man–made lake and it is currently depicted in the 10,000 won Korean banknote.