Valley of the Geysers
Photo by: Robert Nunn, Creative Commons
The Valley of Geysers is located in the Kamchatka Peninsula, to the east of Russia. It is also the world’s only geyser field and the second largest concentration of geysers. It measures about 6 km with a number of hot springs and ninety geysers located to the left of the Geysernaya River where geothermal waters passes from a stratovolcano. The places here are very difficult to reach and the only means of traveling here is through a helicopter.
The Valley of Geysers was been discovered by Tatiana Ustinova, a local scientist in the year 1941. After a gap of fourteen years a book was released by Tatiana Ustinova describing her explorations. The surveys were continued up to 1970s and in the year 1990 an automatic monitoring system was launched.
A total of 30 geysers have been named, among them the Giant Geyser is the biggest of all that produces a jet of water of about 40 meters. In the 1980s the area was promoted as a tourist spot by USSR.
It has only be recently that tourists were allowed on site, currently, a total 3000 visitors have been to the valley. The Valley of Geysers is also included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site.