Bauchi State is a city in Northern Nigeria. Bauchi’s capital city is also named Bauchi. The city was initiated in 1976 when the earlier Northeastern state was split up. Originally, it included the region now in the state of Gombe, which developed into a separate state in the year 1996.

The Bauchi state covers an entire land area of 549, 360 square kilometers signifying approximately 5.3% of the entire landmass of Nigeria. Bauchi State is bounded by 7 states which are: Jigawa and Kano to the north, Plateau and Taraba to the south, Kaduna to the west, and Yobe and Gombe to the east.

The state of Bauchi is among the states in Nigeria’s northern part that cover two distinguishing vegetation areas, which are the Sahel savannah and the Sudan savannah. The Sudan savannah sort of vegetation spans the southern area of the Bauchi state. In this plant life area, the vegetation gets more and more prosperous going to the south, particularly along the rivers or water sources. However, the plant life in general is less consistent and grasses are smaller than what is being cultivated even farther south.

The Bauchi State has a sum of fifty-five tribal groupings in which Badawa, Zulawa, Warjawa, Butawa, Fa’awa, Kanuri, Karekare, Bolewa, Jarawa, Sayawa, Gerawa, Fulani, and Hausa are the chief tribe groups. This denotes that they have beliefs, occupational patterns, backgrounds and a lot of other elements that form a component of the being of the people of Bauchi.

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