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Bodrum Peninsula and Bodrum Castle in the middle
Photo by: bazylek, Creative Commons

Much like most cities in Turkey, Bodrum has a rich history. Records show that inhabitants settled in the city as early as the 7th century BC. Formerly called Halicarnassus (or Halikarnas in Turkish), the city now thrives in a combination of old world charm and modern vibrance.

It is no surprise that travelers hold a special spot for Bodrum once they visit the city. There is something quite endearing about the place, and such makes it an ideal destination for vacations. There are a handful of interesting places in the city that are worth a visit.

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is among the famous spots in Bodrum. The structure, which was constructed between 353 and 350 BC, is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The city’s ruler, Mausollos, had a wife—Artemisia—who wanted a resting place for her husband when they met their demise. The structure exhibited the craftsmanship of the sculptors then. Today, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is still that imposing structure that never fails to leave travelers in awe.

The Castle of St. Peter is also quite a wondrous sight. This castle in Bodrum was built in 1400, and served as a refuge for knights for a long time. Constructed near the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Castle of St. Peter used materials from the former. Today, the structure is home to the Museum of Underwater Archeology. Visitors can find out about the city’s history by visiting the museum.

An open-air museum can also be found in Bodrum. The Ampitheatre—divided into three parts namely the skene, orchestra, and cavea—is testament to the people’s skill in architecture during the ancient times. Built between 330 and 30 BC, the theater could seat 13,000 people. The structure dates back to the time of Mausollos, and its glory is still preserved today.

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