Cuzco City

Cuzco 400
Cuzco, Peru in the rain
Photo by: ethanlindsey, Creative Commons

Cuzco is called the ‘Archaeological capital of the Americas’, for it is filled with many cultures through the centuries. Located 3,300 meters above sea level, it is also known as the ‘Navel of the World’. Cuzco offers many beautiful sites.

Cuzco dates back to 1200 A.D. Its first Incan ruler was Manco Capac, though the city saw its vast expansion during the 15th century during the rule of the great Inca Pachacutec. However the expansion ended abruptly when the Spaniards arrived under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro, which was followed by the murder of Inca Atahaulpa in Cajamarca.

The first things you see when visiting Cuzco are the ancient Inca walls. The magnificent walls are carved granite blocks, it is perfectly without the need or aid of any mortar beds. Once you arrive in Cuzco, you are recommended to take your time and relax so you can acclimatize.

What to do while in Cuzco? Many visitors opt to go to Machu Picchu, where they can get there for four days through the Inca Trail or for four hours by train. Other highlights include the Inca Ruins of Qenko, Sacsayhuaman, Tambmachy and Pucapucara. You can take day rip to the traditional Indian market at Pisac, or stroll around the beautiful village of Ollantaytambo, or explore the Sacred Valley of the Incas.

You can get a ‘Tourist ticket’ while in Cuzco, which allows many tourists into historical sites around Cuzco. You can visit Santa Catalina Convent and Art Museum, Inca ruins, Museo de Arte Popular, Monumento Pachacutec, and so much more.

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