When looking for something in Pakistan that will appeal to the history nut in you, there is no other place that can beat Mohenjo-daro. Located in the ancient Sind Province, Mohenjo-daro is geographically in the southern portion of the country. It was one of the most prosperous cities of the Indus civilization, owing partially to its location on the Indus River’s right bank.
This UNESCO World Heritage Site was established at least 4000 years ago. The city, which used to measure around one square mile, easily became a hub of the civilization in the Indus Valley. At that time, it was one of the earliest human settlements anywhere in the world and one of the most planned cities. During its ancient heyday, around 500 people lived in Mohenjo-daro.
The ancient city was then divided into two portions – the Citadel and the lower city. In the Citadel, there was a public bath with elaborate brickwork decorating it and an advanced drainage system. An imposing veranda used to surround this part of the city. The lower city, meanwhile hosted a granary, residences and assembly halls. The streets were planned in a precise manner, with straight orientation and connecting all parts of the city.
The city suffered devastation when the Indus River changed its course. The whole civilization was submerged and after centuries, the ruins of what used to be a glorious city remains, attracting tourists from all around the globe. In 1922, it was rediscovered and excavated by an officer of India’s Archeological Society.
If you have the chance to visit the place, you can marvel at the ruins that have though time been carefully reconstructed. Unfortunately, part of the city has been losing a lot of important archeological artifacts due to looting and illegal acts. A visit to the site’s museum will also provide fascinating insight into this city’s history.