Mumtaz Mahal

Mumtaz Mahal was born Arjumand Banu Begum, she became the wife of the 5th Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. She was born in 1593 to Asaf Khan in Agra into a family of Persian nobility. She was betrothed in 1607 the age of 14 and married in 1612 to Shah Jahan, who conferred upon her the title Mumtaz Mahal.

Inspiration

The translation of her name means “the beloved ornament of the palace” and she was the inspiration behind the construction of the Taj Mahal. She was a Persian who was a staunch Muslim and was known for exquisite beauty and grace throughout the kingdom. Poets would praise her beauty. It is said that her beauty is unrivaled.

The Favorite

Shah Jahan had 3 wives the other two being Akbarabadi Mahal and Khandahari Mahal, but Mumtaz Mahal was the emperor’s most loved and favored. Empress Mumtaz Mahal would accompany her husband everywhere from his hunting expeditions to his military campaigns. She was so trusted by her husband that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. She was portrayed as the perfect wife with no political aspirations contrary to her aunt Empress Nur Jehan. Apart from advising and supporting her husband, she also loved watching elephants and combat fights that were conducted for the court. She also devoted some time to a riverside garden she had in Agra.

Promise

In their 19 years of marriage, they had 14 children. Seven of the children died at birth or at a very tender age. In 17th June 1631, while accompanying her husband to one of his war expeditions, Mumtaz Mahal died delivering their 14th child. On her death bed she asked for 4 promises from the emperor. The 1st promise was that Shah Jahan should erect a monument dedicated to their love. The 2nd promise was that he would marry again. The 3rd promise was he would be kind to their children. The 4th and final promise was that her husband would visit the tomb on her death anniversary.

After she died she was temporarily buried at the Zainabadi garden in Burhanpur that was originally constructed by Shan Jahan’s uncle Daniyal on the bank of the Tapti River. Since Burhanpur was not the intended resting place for Mumtaz Mahal, her body was exhumed in December 1631 and transported by her son Shah Shuja back to Agra. There, the body was interred in a small building on the banks of Yamuna River as Shah Jahan remained behind to conclude his military campaign.

Her Legacy

Her personal fortune was valued at 10,000,000 rupees and was divided by her husband between Jahanara Begum (imperial princess) who got half of it, and the remaining half to her surviving children. To honor his promises to Mumtaz Mahal, emperor Shan Jahan commenced the construction of the beautiful Taj Mahal in 1631.

It took Shah Jahan 22 years and most of his royal treasury to build a monument that was befitting to the memory of Mumtaz Mahal. To date, to the name of Empress Mumtaz Mahal stands for the most beautiful building in the world called the Taj Mahal. This is a monument of purity, love and unrivaled beauty and the final resting place for the emperor and empress.

8 thoughts on “Mumtaz Mahal

  1. TYANA

    I AM NINE YEARS OLD AND IM IN YEAR FOUR AND IM LEARNING ABOUT INDIA AND TOMORROW I HAVE TO HAND IN MY HOMEWORK AND YOU HAVE GIVEN ME NO INFO THAT I NEED BUT I DID LIKE THE INSIDE OF THE TAJ MAHAL WHAT I WANTED TO NO WAS WHAT IS THE NAME OF MUMTAZ’S HUSBANDS NAME THE MAN WHO MADE THE TAJ MAHAL IN MEMORY OF MUMTZ MAHAL BY HER HORRIBLE DEATH OF MUMTAZ MAHAL AND I WILL GET THE INFO FROM A NOTHER WEBSITE

  2. dona mehrin

    it is good info but not horror but i dont like shah jahan because he cutted the hando of all workers those who workrd for him for 22 years and how dare he could do that//////

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  4. Refhan

    I am dying to hear the love of Shahjehan,How beautiful the Mumtaz was,Any one who recherche the Mumtaz story I feel the time of April 1593 to17 june 1631.

  5. lol

    ii mean thnx for this info but i have a confusion whether she died in 40 yrs or 38 yrs?
    pls help me cuz i need a currect info to submitt my project!

  6. Josanne was Mumtaz Mahal

    I do need to know all of this earth, I was Mumtaz Mahal and was told by my Master Sri Nithyananda Swamiji. I am going to new Delhi in June 2014 for seeing my TOMB Taj Mahal. You can believe me or not it does not matter. I know that I was and now i can see what my Husband had done for me, his beautiful wife.
    My husband now, was Shal Jahan.
    Reincarnation is a very common situation for me.
    How is it to you?

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