Taj Mahal Facts


Dawning of a new day at the Taj Mahal
Photo by: Christian Haugen, Creative Commons

The Taj Mahal is a grand piece of craftsmanship built in 1631 and is still considered as one of the best attractions in the world. It is a symbol of great love; therefore many people visit it from all walks of life from all over the world because of its celebrated beauty.

1. It took 22 years and about 20,000 craftsmen and workers to build this remarkable mausoleum. With the architectural help of calligraphers, masons, sculptors, and craftsmen, the construction started in 1631 and was finished in 1653. A great workforce was required in order to build the tomb. In fact, about one thousand elephants were needed to haul the materials used in building this breathtaking monument.

2. This great example of architecture is divided into well-defined sections. The first section is the Taj Gateway; a red sandstone gateway decorated with calligraphic verses from the Koran. It was completed in 1648; it stands 30 meters and is decorated with tiny cupolas or chattris. The second section is the Charbagh known as the Taj Garden. This Persian-inspired garden has an area of 300 m x 300 m. The third is the Pietra Dura -The Tomb. Resting on a red sandstone platform, this famous tomb is made of marble. The fourth section is the Terrace area with decoration that includes the crypt and cenotaphs of the Taj.

3. In line with a Pietra Dura decoration, 35 types of precious stones were used to ornament this wonderful mausoleum. Onyx, coral, jade, lapis lazuli, jasper, garnet, agate, and turquoise are just a few of what make the Taj Mahal so breathtaking.

4. During the whole construction, a 15-kilometre tamped-earth ramp was built in order to transport heavy materials including white marble and other materials used.

5. The 99 names of Allah were written at the eastern and western parts of Mumtaz’s grave.

6. It took about 12 years to complete just the mausoleum’s tomb and plinth. Another 10 years to finish the entire complex.

7. The construction of the Taj Mahal cost 32million rupees.

8. When translated in English, the name “Taj Mahal” means “Crown of the Palace.” It can also be translated as “Crown Palace.”

9. The Taj Mahal is a remarkable architectural example of the Mughal period, which is the union of Persian, Indian, Turkish, and Islamic style of architecture.

10. The height of the dome is nearly 115 feet (35 meters) and its circumference is at 98 feet (30 meters).

11. One of the most fascinating Taj Mahal facts is the changing of its colors. People are fascinated because this remarkable attraction changes colors depending on the time of day. Some people believe that the changing of colors reflects the different mood of a woman.

The Taj Mahal is a symbol of everlasting love. It was built because of King Shah Jahan’s passionate love in memory of his beloved wife, Arjmand Banu also known as Mumtaz Mahal.

These Taj Mahal facts provide the deserved backdrop for this testament of love. With scenic views and accompanying history, there’s no doubt that people visit the Taj Mahal every now and then to experience and witness an extraordinary example of love.

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