Suez Canal: Important Waterways

Suez Canal
Satellite view of Suez Canal in Egypt

The Suez Canal is the most important and known waterways that is situated in Egypt. It was opened in the year 1869 and its purpose was to allow transportation of water between Europe and Asia. All this is done without plotting a course around Africa, the Mediterranean and Red Sea. The total length of the canal is 193 kilometers (120 miles). The canal is 24 meters (79 ft) deep at maximum depth. The width of the canal is 205 meters (673 ft). It has 3 lanes with four passing places like great Bitter Lake, Mediterranean, and Gulf of Suez on the Red Sea. The owner of the Suez Canal is Suez Canal Authority (SCA) of Arab Republic of Egypt.

The Suez Canal is considered to be very important oil transit chokepoints from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea. The Suez Canal is also responsible for almost 8% of shipping traffic, with more than 50 ships taking a voyage through the canal daily. During the year 1967, the canal was closed because of the Six Day War. The canal has become a source of fighting as it serves as a buffer zone for Israel. The canal was reopened in the year 1975 and since then, it has been widened two times.

From the tourist perspective, one must aim at traveling around the Cape Agulhas. This route is supported for ships that are too large and huge in size. This is also the safest route, as piracy in Somalia is increasing day by day.

8 responses to “Suez Canal: Important Waterways”

  1. sandip says:


  2. tanya says:

    well actually the suez canal was made because the ppl of egypt etc took long routes to get to europe and there was alot of piracy so the combined governmet decided to build the suez canal which took 25 yrs and 1.8000 billion dollars to make

  3. tanya the WRONG says:

    Wow Tonya, you are wrong on so many levels it’s not even funny.
    Part of the canal was built by Necho II (610-595 BC).
    After disrepair it was rebuilt and expanded by Darius I (522-486 BC).
    Expanded to the red sea by Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-246 BC).
    Abandoned during the early Roman rule, but rebuilt again by Trajan (98-117 AD).
    For centuries the canal was largely unused and fell to disrepair.
    Until Napoleon Bonaparte set out with the first efforts to build a modern canal 1799, supervised by Charles Le Pere but work was eventually suspended.
    A private company started excavation of the canal on April 25th, 1859, and between then and 1862, the first part of the modern canal was completed.
    In 1863, work was again suspended until Napoleon III, the British and Turks worked out technical issues, and work was restarted.
    On November 17 1869 the canal was finished and waters of the Mediterranean flowed into the Red Sea.
    Total cost of building the canal was about $100 million, three times that sum was spent on later repairs and improvements.
    Between the Suez Crisis and later wars, the canal was damaged extensively and was not operated for several year after 1967. However, on June 5th, 1975, the canal was again opened, and since then has been updated and enlarged.

  4. Thustiha Perera says:

    what is the correct total length of the canal is 195 kilometers (121 miles) or as mention in this document

  5. ali says:

    I’m wondering if Panama canal and Suez canal are same in length and which one was more difficult to build

  6. job m thomas says:

    it is so imformative for me. My doubt is that is the voyage is free of cost…

  7. Alexandria says:

    Well…..I’m doing research for my HISTORY class, and this doesn’t tell me what I need to know. I’m begining to not like researching. 😛

  8. sagar wakle says: wat is the importance of the canal?????????????????????

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